Individualized Education Plans (IEPs)

Every child who receives special education services has an Individualized Education Plan, or IEP, under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). IDEA states that children with disabilities be provided a free and appropriate education (FAPE) in the Least Restrictive Environment (LRE).

Kids from age 3 through high school graduation or a maximum age of 22 (whichever comes first) may be eligible for an IEP.

The IEP legal document between you and the school outlines the following:

  • A statement of your child’s present level of performance (PLOP) — i.e., how your child is doing in school now.
  • Your child’s annual educational goals.
  • Special education supports and services (speech, occupational therapy, physical therapy, etc.) that the school will provide to help your child reach goals. Modifications and accommodations the school will provide to help your child make progress.
  • Accommodations your child will be allowed when taking standardized tests. How and when the school will measure your child’s progress toward annual goal. Transition planning that prepares teens for life after high school.

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